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St Mary the Virgin - Ashley

Scott extensively rebuilt this church for the Rev. Richard Poultney in around 1865-7 at a cost of about £2000. This included rebuilding the chancel and roof, and reconstructing the interior of the nave. Clayton and Bell provided a painted frieze of saints to the walls of the chancel, as well as a marble reredos. The stained glass and fittings were also renewed. Scott’s drawings show that he was working on the project in 1863 and 1865.


School and School Masters house - Ashley

Scott may also have remodelled the Ashley Court, then the Rectory, at the same time as working on the church, in 1865, for the same client. He did provide a new school and a school master’s house in 1865, the school endowed in 1858, all in neo-Gothic style.


Workers' cottages - Ashley

Scott also provided semi-detached workers cottages in 1866, in neo-Gothic style, and also under the direction of Richard Poultney.


St Andrew's - Barnwell

In 1851 Scott remodelled the chancel of this church for the Duke of Buccleuch who was the patron of the living here. He also renewed the windows, notably the east window.

Blakesley Vicarage - Blakesley

This is an early building of Scott’s completed in 1839 in Tudor style with stone mullions and transoms and a symmetrical front. Built from local ironstone, the chimneys have been replaced in brickwork and it has since been used as a farm and a house.

Workhouse, Banbury Road - Brackley

Scott won this workhouse commission through a competition and by himself, Moffatt not being appointed to the project. It was designed and built between 1835-7, based on Sampson Kempthorne's model ‘square’ plan published by the Poor Law Commissioners in 1835. It was to accommodate 250 inmates and cost £5500 to build. It was demolished in the 1930s and housing built on the site.

St Mary's - Castle Ashby

Scott undertook a scheme for reseating the church as represented in his drawings collection (p. 25), which were exhibited at Northampton Archaeological Society in 1853.

St Andrew's - Harlestone

This church was restored by Scott in 1853, most notably his renewal of the east window.

All Saints - Holdenby

Scott restored this church between 1867-8. This included adding new high-pitched roofs to the nave and the south aisle, the renewal of the window tracery, the stained glass and the doors, and the addition of the south porch.


Workhouse - Kettering

This workhouse was built on a Classical Commissioner’s plan, similar to Northampton, between 1837-9, to house 250 inmates at a cost of £5000. It was altered in 1971 when the raised octagon in the centre was taken down and the front reduced to one storey throughout, with the three bay central pediment lowered. It is now St Mary’s Hospital.

St Peter and St Paul - Kings Sutton

In 1866, Scott carried out a restoration of the church here for Sophia Willes, the Lady of the Manor. His work included a new chancel and screen plus an organ and vestry, including a new chancel tiled floor. He also renewed the windows and designed the reredos and pulpit.


St Lawrence's - Long Buckby

This church was restored by Scott between 1862-3.


All Saints - Middleton Cheney

Scott surveyed this church in 1862 with a view to its restoration, being a friend of the incumbent, the Rev. William Buckley. However, the restoration and reseating in 1864-6 may have been overseen by his son George Gilbert. This included in new canopy to the Perpendicular screen, restoration of the pulpit and in particular, a new east window and painted ceiling, designed by William Morris and executed by Cottam of Banbury.


Middleton Cheney Rectory - Middleton Cheney

In 1865, Scott restored and extended this seventeenth century house for the Rev. William Buckley, a ‘personal friend’ of his. He added a north wing incorporating a new entrance porch in fourteenth century style. The extension was demolished in 1973 and it is now a care home.

Holy Sepulchre - Northampton

Scott originally carried out a report on the restoration of this church in 1851, submitting an estimate of £4000 for the work needed, after the tower had been struck by lightning. The initial restoration was undertaken between 1860-9 and later work was continued by his son, John Oldrid Scott from 1879. The first restoration included a new east end with other parts also rebuilt, including the outer walls, a new north aisle, with a general re-roofing and reseating. Pews and galleries were removed, the round part of the roof re-roofed and pillars restored. Scott's Drawings Collection (RIBA) contains one of the chancel roof (63 a).


St Peter's, Marefair - Northampton

Scott’s s first report about this church is dated May 1849, with the restoration beginning in June 1850 and the church reopening in April 1852. Scott rebuilt the east end, the clerestory was restored and the nave and chancel re-roofed. A semi-circular central buttress, which survived the seventeenth century alterations and had been retained, was apparently the determining factor in Scott's design of the windows in the east end of the chancel. He also reseated the church and lowered the floor of the nave and aisles by one foot in order to provide the conventional steps up to the chancel.


St Andrew's Mental Hospital Chapel - Northampton

This Gothic style chapel was built in yellow stone and completed by Scott in 1863. His son later became a resident at the institution.

Workhouse, Wellingborough Road - Northampton

This workhouse was built between 1836 to the Commissioners Plan in a Classical style. It was to house 300 inmates and cost around £7000. It was built from brick with stone dressings and slate roofs, the centre three stories high. It became St Edmund’s Hospital before being redeveloped.

St Peter's - Oundle

Scott restored this church between 1862-5, including general repairs and restorations, as well as a reseating with new pews. He reordered the building, stripping plaster from the walls, although this has since been replaced.


Workhouse, Glapthorne Road - Oundle

Scott built this workhouse during 1836-7, in a late Classical style, to the Commissioners Plan. It was to house 150 inmates and cost around £4400. It had a central raised octagon, the standard Kempthorne plan, from which four wings radiated. The main block was demolished in around 1990.

Peterborough Cathedral - Peterborough

Shortly before he died, the Dean of Peterborough, George Butler, commissioned Scott in 1853 to underpin ‘the foundations of a part towards the North East’ of the cathedral and his successor, Augustus Page Saunders (c.1800-78), soon afterwards appointed him to design decorations for the ceiling of the choir and the apse. Scott noted, ‘My works here have been slight. and [sic] being mainly safety for their object. Much should be done but there are no funds and little zeal. The decoration of the Choir ceiling my chief concern’. He mainly had to deal with the structural problems of a big old building standing on a low-lying site, but he was not given an easy time by the Dean and Chapter. The lack of funds and enthusiasm led to the work taking an inordinate amount of time, with eventually his professional judgement being questioned and at one time, so he thought, encountering downright hostility.

The Chapter called for another architect to give his views on the state of the building. He reported that there was no problem, but a third architect made the Chapter ‘at last admit the danger’. Scott duly strengthened the north aisle, but not before some of the members of the Chapter had suggested that this could be done with flying buttresses. Scott did not like this idea as ‘it would so seriously affect its aspect’, and anyway his measures were adequate.

One eminent Canon Dr. Westcote was so offended with me I fancy because I was not favourable to the adding of flying butresses that he would hardly deign to speak to me - & when at last I saw him & innocently went up to him to shake hands he put his hands behind his back least he should contaminate them by contact with mine! His meaning I cannot divine - as I never uttered a word or proferred a thought which was disrespectful to him as one lives on one finds a few such enigmas!

But Scott was writing about one of the leading theologians of the day and a highly respected Bible scholar, Brook Foss Westcott (1825-1901). The fact that Scott mis-spells his name reveals that although he describes him as an ‘eminent Canon’, he must have known little about his accomplishments, while Westcott was well-known for being remote and aloof.

Scott's work at Peterborough was, as he said,‘slight’, but the greatest benefit that he obtained from the work was his introduction to two natives of Peterborough, the stonemason John Thompson, and the carpenter Francis Ruddle. Together, or separately, they produced a considerable amount of work of the highest quality for Scott for the rest of his career. Scott was quickly impressed with their talents, as it must have been very soon after he first consulted about Peterborough that he employed Ruddle at Doncaster.

Scott’s Recollections, III 296, IV 73-4, 76-7.
Cobb, G., English Cathedrals, The Forgotten Centuries, Restoration and Change from 1530 to the Present Day (Thames and Hudson, London, 1980), p. 101, n. 31.

Peterborough Cathedral Tower - Peterborough

In 1874 Scott had reported that the tower of Peterborough was in a parlous condition and needed repair but he was ignored. After his death in 1878, the warnings of his successor, Pearson, also went unheeded, until on 3 January 1883, the tower cracked and the whole structure started to move. Immediately two steam engines were rushed to the cathedral, where they dismantled the tower stone-by- stone. Pearson rebuilt it exactly following the old design by re-using the salvaged masonry.

Quiney, A., John Loughborough Pearson (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1979), pp. 186-8.
Scott’s Recollections, III 296.

St Peter's Training College - Peterborough

Between 1856 and 1864, Scott built the Gothic style red brick training college for schoolmasters in the dioceses of Peterborough, Ely and Lincoln, which closed in 1914. It is now used as offices and known as Peterscourt.

Deanery - Peterborough

This dates from the twelfth and thirteenth centuries but was altered and added to between 1875-78, probably by Scott.

St Peter's - Raunds

A restoration on this church was carried out here between 1873-4. This included removing the west gallery, exposing the tower arch and restoring the nave. General repairs and a reseating were also carried out at a cost of around £4000. During the restoration, Scott also uncovered a series of fifteenth century wall paintings and alerted JG Waller to them. He published the first detailed commentary on them in the Archeological Journal, vol. 34, 1877.


Workhouse, Brackley Road - Towcester

This workhouse was designed and built in 1835-7, in Classical style, from Ironstone to house 208 inmates at a cost of £4000. Another £1000 was authorised to complete the building in 1837. It had a plain main block with octagonal rear and wings. In 1986 it was converted into housing, becoming ‘Gilbert Scott Close’.

Wappenham Rectory - Wappenham

While Scott was working with Henry Roberts, and on a visit to Gawcott in 1833, his father was appointed the Vicar of Wappenham in Northamptonshire, about eleven miles north of Gawcott. Scott says that ‘being too much engaged’, presumably with Roberts, to do a dilapidatious survey himself, he recommended Voysey, ‘who did this most efficiently’. In fact the survey was so efficient that his father had to build a new vicarage for Wappenham, and Scott got his first architectural commission. He went with his father to ‘reconnoitre’ and ‘supplied him with a very ugly design founded on one of Mr. Roberts' plans & which his old builder Mr. Wilmore, took care to spoil and slight, as much as he thought necessary for his own purposes.’

The resulting building is a symmetrical two storey red-brick house, covered with a low pitched slate roof. It is typical of its period with Georgian double-hung sash windows and its only distinction must have been its formality and bright red brick-work in what was then a traditional stone-built village.

Scott’s Recollections, I 259.

St Mary's - Wappenham

In 1851 Scott restored and re-seated the church for Thomas Scott, his eldest brother, who was then the incumbent.


1, The Green - Wappenham

Scott completed other buildings in the village, including No. 1 The Green, in 1842, for Jane Farthing, his cousin.


Barton Cottage, 1, The Lane - Wappenham

Scott completed other buildings in the village, including Barton Cottage, no. 1, The Lane, circa 1853, for Caroline Scott, his sister.


The Hollies, Headmaster's house, 2, The Lane - Wappenham

Scott completed other buildings in the village, including The Hollies, no. 2 The Lane, Head Master's House, 1867 and the School, 1867 (now Village Hall), for his brother Thomas and possibly also the Granary at Rectory Farm.


St Mary the Virgin - Warmington

Scott restored Warmington Church between 1874 and 1877 for Lord Carysfort, with his friend Benjamin Ferrey restoring the chancel and Scott the nave and fine western spire. Here Ferrey’s mediocrity is in striking contrast to Scott’s flair. The work was carried out by John Thompson of Peterborough. Scott also designed nave seats, a pulpit, lectern and chancel screen (Drawings Collection, p. 75, RIBA) and the north aisle screen was restored at the expense of the Earl of Carysfort.


St Andrew's - Spratton

This church appears to have been restored by Scott in around 1845-7, which included rebuilding the north porch and replacing windows with belfry-stage lancets.


St Mary Magdalene - Geddington

A plan exists in the Buccleuch Archive at Boughton House, Northamptonshire, for the restoration of this church by Scott, between 1854-7.